13 December 2016

T.S. Eliot leh plagiarism

Tunlaiin plagiarism kan khel nasa hle mai. Plagiarism hi mi thu leh hla mahni thu leh hla anga chhuah te, mi thu leh hla a phuahtu tar lang lova chhuah chhawn te a ni ringawt lo va, mi ngaihdan (idea & expression) lo hman te, min hmanrua (data & information) lak khawm sa lo hman ve ringawt te, mi thu leh hla tlar lo hman hawh ve ringawt te pawh hi plagiarism vek a ni; a neitu leh phuahtu phalna lova thu leh hla lo lehlin ve ngawt te pawh hi a ni ang chu.

School of Humanities-ina an zawm ber, Modern Language Committee (MLA) phei chuan an han duh strict khawp a; source/reference dah thlap pawhin mi thu leh hla chhuahchhawn hian plagiarism a nih theih dan a la awm leh tumhrang a, dah dan tur kalhmang a awm dim diam a, mahni thuziak chenin a lo rûk (plagiarise) theih a nih chu maw le! Êm em lutuk chuan. A pawm dan tawk thiam a ngai a nih hi! Chutih rual chuan copyright awm lo, a duh apiangin an hman chhawn theih a awm ve bawk a. Fair use, public domain etc. a awm duah mai!

Kum zabi 20-naa literature lama criticism bung thar rawn kaia, 'new criticism', 'death of the author' etc. te rawn chawi lartu, English poet & critic hmingthang tak T.S. Eliot (1888–1965) pawh kha plagiarism lakah a fihlim bik lo nia sawi a ni thin. Kum 1922-a a poetry tihchhuah 'The Waste Land' kha American poet, Keats of Kentucky an tih hial, lehkhabu 36 leh poetry 1500 chuang phuahtu Madison Cawein (1865–1914)-a poem 'Waste Land' nen sawi zawm a ni thin [NB: Eliot-a 'The Waste Land' hi IGNOU MA English zirlaibu-ah a tel nghe nghe].

Cawein hian a thih hma lawk kum 1913 January thla khan American poet ve tho Ezra Pound [Ezra Pound nupui Dorothy Shakespear hi British poet W.B. Yeats-a bialnu hlui a ni ve tlat] chanchinbu enkawl Chicago magazine 'Poetry'-ah 'Waste Land' chu a tichhuak a. Hei hi kum 1922-a T.S. Eliot-a'n 'The Waste Land' a tihchhuah nen a lo inang teh kher a ni ang chu, kum 1995 khan Canadian mi Robert Ian Scott chuan amah Eliot pawhin thu leh hla a lo thawh fona chanchinbu 'The Times Literary Supplement'-ah a rawn sawi lang ta a ni.

T.S. Eliot hian kum 1920 khan a essay pakhat 'The Sacred Wood: Essays on Poetry and Criticism'-ah chuan "Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal..." [tawi nalh taka letling turin ka tawngkam thiamin a phak lo] tih tawngkam a lo chhep tawh a, kum 1948-ah Nobel Prize (Literature) te hial lo dawng mah se, scholar leh critic tam tak chuan an ngaithei lo va, English critic F.W. Bateson phei chuan kum 1968 April thla khan 'The Journal of General Education' [Vol. 20, No. 1]-ah 'T.S. Elliot: The Poetry of Pseudo-Learning' tih essay dengkhawng tak chu phek 14 zeta thui a ziak nghe nghe.

Hemi hnu lawk 1996 khan English journalist Bevis Hillier pawhin London kar tin chanchinbu 'The Spectator'-ah Cawein-a poem 'Cup of comus : fact and fancy' tih leh T.S. Eliot-a poetry pakhat 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' inanna a rawn thai lang leh thuai thuai bawk. Bevis Hillier hian 'Cup of comus : fact and fancy' tlar 10-11-na '...come and go/Around its ancient portico' tih leh, 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' tlar 19-20-na '...come and go/Talking of Michelangelo' tih chu a rawn tar chhuak a ni.

He a thu chheh "Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal..." tih taka pawh hi an han chhui thui leh zel a. Eliot-a'n he tawngkam a hman hma kum 1892 June thla khan English mi W.H. Davenport Adams chuan 'The Gentleman's Magazine' [Vol. 272]-ah 'Imitators and Plagiarists' tih article a lo chhuah tawh am chutah chuan '...That great poets imitate and improve, whereas small ones steal and spoil' tih thu a lo chhep daih tawh a lo ni. Eliot-a thu leh hlate chu kan la zir tak ang tluk tluk si-a aw!


Mi'n hahthikula an beih hnêp, hahdam taka lo ta neih hi a rilru natthlakin a uiawm zual a, chìn lohvah a tha hle. Chutih rualin, mi changkang leh fing zawkte plagiarism teh fir anga kan inteh chuan kan inteh tling lo zo vang tih a hlauhawm a, a chintawk hriata thliar thiam pawh a tha hle bawk, tih chu — mi lo zir hah hnêpna thuziak hrang hrang chhiara la khawmin ka rawn ziak ve a ni e.


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7 comments:

  1. Chhiar a nuam e...Vanglaini ah te chhuahtir ve la...

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    1. Hei hi chu a zahthlak em mai. Lo helh tawk an awm palh ang. :)

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