28 June 2018

Maharashtra plastic bag khap leh Mizoram dan kenkawh chungchang

Maharashtra sorkarin March ni 23-a plastic hman khapna a tihchhuah kha kan hre theuhvin a rinawm. Plastic leh thermocol hmanga hmanrua leh thil dang siamchhuah, hman, hralh, dahkhawm thlengin a khap a nih kha. Nashik Municipal Corporation-in a tarlan danin, June ni 23 khan a vawi khat nan dan lekkawhtute chuan kawtlai an fang a, Nashik-a municipal division ruk atangin dan bawhchhia (plastic/thermocol hmang, zuar etc) mi 72 manin pawisa an chawitir a, an pawisa chawi chu ni cheng nuai 3.6 ngawt a ni! Plastic hrang hrang an man hi kg 350 ngawta rit a ni bawk. Chutiang chiah chuan Pune khawpuiah pawh, hemi ni vek hian Pune Municipal Council-a solid waste management team-te'n hmun 73 an thlan chhuah chu mi 170 velin tlawh chhuakin plastic leh thermocol hmanga thil siam kg 8000 chuang lai mai an man a, dan bawhchhia pawisa an chawitir tling khawm hi cheng nuai 3.69 a tling bawk.


Maharashtra sorkarin hriattirna a tihchhuahah chuan, dan bawhchhia hi a vawi khatnaah cheng 5000 chawitirin an bawhchhe leh a nih chuan cheng 10000 an chawitir a. Vawi thumnaah chuan cheng 25000 chawitir leh thla thum lungin tantir theih a ni. Hei hi an lekkawh that chuan, eng emaw chen chu an state sorkar revenue tha tak a tling dawn tih a chiang. Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC)-in a ni li chhunga pawisa an chawitir zat tling khawm hi cheng nuai 10 chuang zet a nih thu an tarlang.

Hetianga thuneitute thiltih dan hi duh lovin dawr neitu thenkhat chuan an dawr kharin lungawi lohna an lantir ve thung a, Pune District Retailers Association President Sachin Nivangune chuan, "An khap hi kan dodal lo, hma an lak dan hi kan duh lo a ni. Thuneitute hian dawr neitute hi an diriam a, tihluihnain pawisa an laksak a ni," a ti ve thung. Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) hotupa Raj Thackeray chu a dodaltu langsar tak a ni a, sorkar chu he an notification tihchhuah hi withdraw turin a kar a, "Election lo awm tura sum tuakna a ni," ti hialin a sawisel.

June ni 26, 2018 khan Federation of Retail Traders Welfare Association (FRTWA) chuan sorkarin dawr tê (retail shop)-a plastic package a phal loh chuan lungawi lohna an lantir tur thu an sawi. "Sumdawng pawl leh, thil sem chhuaktu pawl hrang hrang atangin dawr neitu ni 1,500 chuangte'n Goregaon-ah meeting neiin he issue hmachhawn dan tur kan sawiho a ni," FRTWA president Viren Shah chuan a ti. He meeting-ah hian Federation of Associations of Maharashtra (FAM) aiawh te, Chamber of Associations of Maharashtra Industry and Trade te, Chembur Merchants Association leh pawl dang dang an tel thu Viren Shah hian a sawi a ni.

Viren Shah hian, "Kan thil phut tihhlawhtlin nan ni 7 chhung sawrkar kan nghak ang a, awmzia a neih loh chuan lungawi lohna kan lantir ang," a ti a, dawr tê plastic langtlang thei te, plastic bag hman tangkai reng theihte chu he dan hian huam lo se an duh ber thu a sawi a ni. Maharashtra Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture (MCCIA) te, Nashik Grocery Traders Association te, Indian Hotel and Restaurant Association (Ahar) te pawhin he thil an duh loh thu an sawi ve bawk.

Chutiang a nih laiin plastic leh thermocol hman khap avangin mi tam takin hna an chan ve leh tlat thung a. Plastic Bags Manufacturers Assiciation of India-a an general secretary, Neemit Punamiya chuan, "He thil avang hian sum cheng vaibelchhe 15,000 lai mai hloh niin, mi nuai 3 velin zan khat thil thu-ah hna an chan a ni," a ti.

Mizoramah pawh hian dan tha tak tak kan nei a, amaherawhchu, thuneitute hian duh angin an kengkawh tha tawk lo niin a lang. MLPC Act hi thil tha tak mai a ni a, he dan an hman tirh chuan a dan bawhchhiate'n MLPC Act bawhchhiate hremna tur a tarlan angin vantlang hmun tifaia hrem te pawh an awm a nih kha. Nimahsela, kum 2 kum 3 a vei a, chutiang chu kan hmu ngai ta lo. Dan bawhchhia an awm tawh lo tihna chu a ni chuang hauh si lo.

A tlangpuiin dan bawhchhiate hremnaah hian pawisa chawitirna tur hi a awm tel deuh zel a. Dan bawhchhia an tam emaw, dan kan kengkawh tha emaw a nih chuan state sorkar tan revenue tha tak a tling dawn tih a chiang reng mai si a. Thil tha tihna ni bawk, sual tawmim theihna tur ni bawk, revenue tha tak ni bawk chu sorkar hian a dan siamte kengkawh tha sela a duhawm ngawt mai.

Mizorama dan kengkawhtu zingah chuan Traffic Police-te hian dan an lekkawh tha deuh ber mai awm mang e aw ka ti. Mi hmaisa an tawn nitin hi a ni hawt mai a, kei ka peih loh zawng a ni. Traffic Police-te hi ka fak khawp mai. Dan bawhchhia thenkhat chu tha taka hrilhin an kaltir mai a. Dan bawhchhia an hmuh zawng zawng pawisa an chawitir vek kher lo nachungin ni khata an sum thawh chhuah hi a tam viauin a rinawm. Mipuite lahin traffic rules kan bawhchhiat chuan, kan dan bawhchhiatah pawisa chawi kan hreh miah lo va, office thlen kher ngai lova tihfel nghal theih a nih phei chuan a hmunah la la pawisa phawrh kan duh tlangpui lehnghal. Dan kengkawh thate hi chu mipuite pawhin kan zahin kan hlau viau a ni.

Dan kenkawh lamah sawrkar hi han tang sauh sauh teh se.
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26 June 2018

Remna Rah

Kum 13 kal ta, 2005 April ni 26 khan Mizoram sorkar leh Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF)-in inremna siamin BNLF hian ralthuam tungin nundan phung pangngai an zawm a. Nimahsela, hemi hnu hian Bru zingah hel pawl dang dang a lo piang zui a, hel pawl dang thawhpui an nei zui zel bawk a, BNLF khan inremna hlawhtling tak an thlen thei lo. Kumin, 2018 April ni 2 khan Mizoram sorkar leh Hmar People Convention (Democratic) chuan inremna an siam leh a, inremna hlawhtling tak a nih beiseiin Zoram mipuite’n kan thlir mek a, Zoram chhunga muanna a awm zui zel kan beisei a ni.

Inremna hlawhtlin leh hlawhtlin loh hi inremna thuthlung tihpuitlin leh puitlin lohvin a hril thui hle a, hel pawl represent mipuite’n an zir a ngai hle bawk. Mizoram sorkar leh BNLF inremna thuthlungte kha tihpuitlin ni hlawm mah sela, a mipuite’n BNLF kha an aiawhtua an rin zawh loh vang ni maw, hel pawl dang a awm zui a, Mizote ru bovin an la hnawksak zui zel a ni tih hretu vek kan ni. Mipuiin remna ziaktute kha an aiawhtua an pawm miau si loh chuan, inremna mei bul a nihna chin a awm thei ang. Inremna a hlawhtlin theih nan, inremna ziaktute leh a mipuite’n tihtur pawimawh tak kan nei tih a chiang hle.

Chutiang a nih lai chuan, kum 30 chuang kal ta 1986, June ni 30-a Mizo mipuite aiawha MNF leh India sorkarin inremna thuthlung (peace accord) an siam zet kha chu a hlawhtling hle a, tun thlengin Mizo mipuite’n a par kan la tlan mek zel a ni. He inremna avanga lungawi lo, ralthuam kenga che zui an awm hriat a ni lo va, Mizoram chhungah Mizo hel pawl a piang hek lo. MNF sipai zawng zawng an lo haw a, ralthuam an neih zawng zawng an tung a. Kum khat leh chen, an lo chûl leh hûm, an ralthuamte an thlah tur meuh chu țhenkhat mittui a sur zung zung mai a nih kha. 

Chuti fakauva inremna hlawhtling chuan Mizote hming a tițha hle a, hnam dangte ngaihsan a hlawh hle. India’s Northeast Resurgent lehkhabu ziaktu B.G. Verghese phei chuan, “Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) chuan inremna nghet leh tluantling thlenin MNF leh a thawhpuiteah tharum thawhna a titawp hmiah a. An ralthuam zawng zawng tungin an sipaite pawhin nunphung pangngai an zawh a. Tripura-a Tribal National Volunteers leh, Manipur-a PLA te, hmun dang dang silai keng pawl an puihna leh thlawpna an hnukdawk vek bawk. Helna a ni emaw, lungawi lohna lantirna a ni emaw, tun hnaia inremna awm tawh zawng zawngah Mizo Accord hi a la hlawhtling ber,” tiin a ziak nghe nghe a ni. Heti khawpa inremna hlawhtling a awm hi, inremna ziaktu MNF-in Mizote ai a awh zawhzia a tilang chiang hle.

Remna Par Kan Tlàn
Kum 1986-a inremna avangin kum 20 chhung Zoram thim chhah tak chu vai kian niin Mizoramah remna leh muanna a thleng zui a, tun thlengin țhangtharte’n a par kan tlàn zui zel a ni. He inremna avang hian kan ram, kan hnam leh sakhuana tiderthawng thei thilte chu India ram parliament-a pass pawh ni eng ang mah se, Mizoram Legislative Assembly remtihna lo chuan Mizoramah hman ve theih a ni lo va, Inner Line Regulation pawh state sorkar remtihna tel lo chuan tihdanglam leh tihbo phal a ni lo va, chutih a hnekin state sorkarin tun thleng hian a țhat zawk dan turin a la ammend zui zel a; kan țawng hman lai emaw, țawng dang emaw official language atan kan hman theih phah ta bawk.

Inremna thuthlung avang hian Mizoram chhungah ngei university (Mizoram University) din a lo ni ta a, chutah chuan kum tinin master degree nei thar mi 500 chuang leh M.Phil leh Ph.D nei thar an awm zel tawh a. Mizoram University hnuaia inziak lut college pawh an pung zel a, tun hmaa ram danga zir ngai tam tak chu kan ram chhungah ngei graduate leh post graduate level-ah kan zir thei tawh a; Mizoram pel miah lovin Ph.D kan nei thei ta! Chumi avangin zirna avanga ram danga Mizoram sum leh pai chhuak chur chur tur kan hum thei a. Remnain zirna lama hmasawnna a thlen leh rah a chhuah hi ropui tak a ni.

Inremna avangin Mizoram chu state puitlingah hlan kai kan ni a, chumi avangin state thar malsawmna kan dawn zozaite kha rual ute sawiah khêk ta ila. State kan nih avanga hna thar tam tak lo piang hi a rah têltu chu țhangtharte hi kan ni. State puitling ni lovin Mizoram hi Union Territory la ni reng ila chuan, tuna sorkar hnathawk zinga a zatve dawn mah chu hna nei lo an ni àwm si a! Sorkar pawhin India sorkar ațangin special category state kan nihna avangin hamțhatna țhahnem tak a hai lut chur chur a, inremna siam a nih hnu kum 20 thleng pawha ‘Peace Bonus’ la sawi chhuak thei kan ni a, hemi avanga cheng vaibelchhe tam tak lo luang lutin infrastructure lama Zoram hmel a tihmawizia te hi hmuh hmaih phal chi a ni lo.

Țhangtharte Mawhphurhna
June ni 30, 1986 khan kum 20 chhung zet inkapa indo ram pahnihte inkarah inremna siam a ni a, chu inremna chu ram a buai avanga lo awm a ni. Chu ram buai pawh chu, ram leh hnam tana hnathawktute’n  an chên ve loh tur leh a par an tlan phak loh tur ram nuam siam tuma hma an lak vang a ni. A hun laia Zofate tawrh kha a hrehawmin a rapthlak a, a bikin mipate tawrh ve ngai loh hi hmeichhiate’n an tuar nasa a, Zoram Khua A La Var Ang ziaktu Pu R. Ropianga phei chuan, “Hmeichhe pawngsual hi a rapthlak hle a, khaw țhenkhata thleng phei chu sawi ngam pawh a ni lo,” a ti hial a. “Kan hmeichhiate nawmchen nan an hmang a” tih te, “...hmeichhiate’n kan tuar nasatzia kha rapthlak tak a ni. ...kan hmeichhiatpuite’n heti ang pawngsual an tuarna avang hian thin hi a ur ngawih ngawih a ni” tih te chu rambuai lai chanchin ziaktu Pu C. Zama leh Pi Rebeki (w/o S. Lianzuala) te ziah dan a ni. Chuti khawpin rambuai kan tawrhna chu rapthlak eltiang mah sela, țhangtharte tan erawh buai man awm tih loh rual a ni lo. Chutianga buai man awm a nih theih chhan chu, inremna hlawhtling tak a awm theih vang a ni a, chuvangin țhangtharte tan chuan 1986 Inremna kha ngaihhlut a pawimawh hle.

Khang hun laia kan ram tana thawktu, remna ni nghak chhuak zinga țhahnem tak chuan mual min liamsan tawh a, tun ațanga kum 20-ah chuan a bul țantute pawh hmuh tur an awm tawh lo vang a, kum 50 a liam leh meuh chuan remna ruala lo haw lehte chu dama hmuh tur an awm tawh lo vang. Ram tana an beih lai kha ‘hmanlai’ a ni tawh ang a, an chanchinte chu ‘thawnthu’ ang mai a ni tawh dawn. Tunah erawh chuan a bulțantu țhenkhatin min la dampui a, inremna a awm ruala lo haw eng emaw zatin min la dampui bawk a, chuvangin, țhangtharte tan chuan tun hun hi hun pawimawh (golden period) a ni. Kan ram tana hnathawktu leh, remna siamtute ngaihhlut nachang i hria ang u.

Ram leh hnam changkang apiangin ram rorelna țha zawk duha hma latu (revolutionary) te, ram tana zalenna sualtu (freedom fighter) an ngaisang țhin a, an zalenna sual dan chu tharum thawh (violence) leh tharum tel lo (non-violence) a ni emaw a lêm chuang lo. India hian tharum hmanga zalenna sualtu Subhash Chandra Bose leh tharum tel lova zalenna sualtu Mahatma Gandhi te hi a theihnghilh ngai dawn lo. An hming chawiin airport te, kawtthler te, hmun pawimawh hming te an phuah a, chu chuan țhangtharte’n an thiltih an ngaihsanzia a tilang a; theihnghilh an nih tawh lohna turin an lim an siam er ur mai a ni. Mizote pawhin chawimawi tur leh ngaihsan tur freedom fighter kan nei a; chutiang nei ve lo hnam hi khawvelah eng zat tak awm ang maw! Laldenga Stadium neih hun te a va nghahhlelhawm em! Engtikah emaw chuan Sikulpuikawn langsarah tak Laldenga lim a la awm ang a, Republic Road pawh Laldenga Street vuah hun a la awm ang. Chutih hunah chuan kan ram leh hnam tana thawktute nunna thaw lo tawp tawh mah se, an hming leh thiltihte chu an tu leh fate thinlungah tuh tharin a la awm dawn a ni.

Kan pi leh pu, kan nu leh pate hnathawh kha țhangtharte’n hre reng ila, an hnathawhte chu phatsan lovin chhunzawm zel ila. Mahni theihna zawn țheuhvah Zoram tan hna thawk zel ila, hun lo la awm leh zel turah buaina chhe mi thlentu ni lovin remna siamtu nih tum zel ila. Pu Laldenga rawn vuak len Mizo nationalism hi chawi nung zelin, kan hnam pasalțhate mangphan țhin ‘zalenna’ lam i pan zel ang u.

“Remna siamtute chu an eng a thawl e; Pathian faa vuahin an la awm dawn si a.” — Matthaia 5:9
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24 May 2018

Hnam martar Capt. Laldawngliana

Capt. Laldawngliana, M/C No. 309, Mizo National Army, Saizahawla Battalion hi Upa Thanglianchhuna leh Pi K. Thakimi te fapa niin October ni 2, 1944 khan N. Khawdungsei khuaah a piang a. Unau paruk an ni a, an upat dan indawtin han dah ila:

1. Lallunghnemi (L) w/o Kaia (L), Chawnpui
2. Darrumvunga (L) h/o Vanlalengi (L), Sakawrdai
3. Upa R. Darthuama h/o Lalhlupuii (Nuchhungi) (L), Sakawrdai
4. Capt. Laldawngliana (L)
5. Upa Lalrammawia h/o Vanlalmuani, Sakawrdai
6. Lalenglawmi (L)
Capt. Laldawngliana
Laldawngliana hi naupang thangduang tak a ni a, naupan lai atang tawhin mi nunnem leh zaidam tak a ni. Palsang, Mizoram atanga pawl 4 a zawh hnuah Raspur, Assam atangin pawl 7 a zo leh a. Hemi hnu 1964 kum khan N. Khawdungsei khuaah zirtirtu hna a thawk a. Kum 1965 khan zirtirtu hna a thawh lai chu bansanin Assam Police-ah a tang a, hemi kum hi Mizorama MNF movement vung vanglai a ni.

Laldawngliana pawhin Assam Police a nihna chu kum 1965 September thla khan bansanin Mizoramah a lo haw a. March ni 1, 1966-a Mizoram zalenna puan a nih hnuah khan a hna a bansan chhan ang ngeiin rammu tura pen chhuakin Mizo National Army-ah a inpe ve ta a ni. A kal tur chu a nu K. Thakimi chuan, "I hna bansanin i kal ta sa sa a, Dawnga, nang chu zalenna hàwn lo chuan rawn haw ve suh aw..." tiin a thlahliam a ni.

MNF rammute Arakan atanga an rawn chhuah hnu, kum 1976-a India sawrkar nena inkahhaina (cease fire) an neih khan Capt. Laldawngliana chu Champhai bial Commander atana ruat a ni a. Hetia Champhai bial a enkawl lai, kum 1977 March ni 7-a Champhai leh Khawzawl inkar Tuipui kama a hote pathum nena an awm lai chuan Special Force-te chu an lo kal a (Special Force te hi Mizo vek an ni). Capt. Laldawngliana te chuan an lo kal tih hmu lawk mah se, inkahhai lai a nih avangin insaseng a ngai lo turah an ngai a.

Chutianga thlamuang taka an awm lai chuan Special Force-a an hotupa (a hming hi thupsak a ni) chuan anmahni man tura kal an nih thu a hrilh ta mai a. Capt. Laldawngliana chuan, "Inkahhai lai a ni a, buaina awm turah kan ngai lo va, kan insaseng lo mai asin. Mahse, chutia awmho a rem lo a nih chuan kan kal kiang mai ang e," a ti a. A hote pathum nena an kal kian lai tak chuan, Special Force hotupa chuan kap tura thu pein, Capt. Laldawngliana hi a hnung lam atangin a kawngah an kap ta a ni (A kaptu hi tunah a la dam a, a hming erawh thupsak a ni e). Capt. Laldawngliana hote pawh chuan Special Force-a an hotupa chu an kaphlum ve nghal bawk niin an sawi.

Capt. Laldawngliana tlu ta chu a hote chuan an bawihsawm nghal a. Tuipui-a civil mi awmte nen chuan motor-ah hlangin Aizawl lam panin a hote pathum nen Special Force-te chuan an phur thla ta a ni. Kah a nih hnu hian a hote chuan, "Ka pu, a na em?" an tih pawhin Capt. Laldawngliana chuan, "Min kahna hi ná ka ti lo va, mahse, Mizo leh Mizo hetia kan han inkap duh mai hi chu a ná ka ti a ni," a ti. Aizawl lam pana an tlanpui lai chuan ani hliampui tuar tuihal chuan, "Ka tui a hal em mai," a ti deuh reng a. Special Force-ho chuan tui an pe duh lo va. A hote hi an mit tuamsak an nih avangin tu nge tui pek phal lo tih erawh an sawi thei ta lo.

Capt. Laldawngliana thih hun darkar tak hi hriat theih a ni lo. A hote sawi dan chuan, "Kan mit an tuam vek avangin a hun tak kha chu kan hre thei chiah lo. Khatia Aizawl lam pana min phur thla kha, ani hliampui tuar chuan a tui hal thu a sawi deuh reng a; nimahsela, Khawzawl thlang Dulte khua kan thlen lai velin a tawng loh tak vang vangah chuan kan ngaih a tha lo va. Kan han koh leha min chhan tak loh avangin min boransal taah kan ngai a ni," an ti.

Hemi zan hian Aizawl thlenthlakpui nghal a ni a, a tuk March ni 8, 1977 (Thawhlehni) tlai dar 4 velah a ruang hi an in, N. Khawdungsei-a vui tura ruahman a ni. A ruang escort tura Police Sub-Inspector Pazawna chuan, "Capt. Laldawngliana ruang hi kuangah pawh dah a nih loh avangin kan CO hnenah, Mizote chu kuangah kan indah thin a. Ani pawh kuangah dah a nih loh chuan ka kalpui (escort) lo vang, ka ti a. CO chuan, i duh ang chuan ti rawh min ti a, kuangah kan rawn dah a ni," a ti. Kuanga an dah hnuah chuan a pianna khua N. Khawdungsei chu panpui a ni ta a ni.
A ruhro
A tuk, March ni 9, 1977 (Nilaini) chawhma dar 10-ah chuan a ruang chu N. Khawdungsei thlenpui a ni a. A ruang thlen lai hian a nu Pi K. Thakimi chuan heti hian a sawi. "Ka fapa hi Pathian leh a ram leh hnam tana vai sipai kuta thi chu ni se, ka tap lo vang a, ka mittui pawh ka sêng hlek lo vang tiin ka ká ka àng tawh a. Mahse, a Mizopui ngei kut tuara thi a nih thuin min han dêng hi chu ná ka ti a, insum har ka va ti em!" a ti hial mai.

A thih thu hi zualkote intira khaw thenawmte hriattir an ni a, khaw thenawm atang hian amah uitu mi thahnem tak an kal khawm a, Zohmun, Thingsat leh N. Khawdungsei mipuite bakah VC-te chu lo kal vekin, ropui takin Capt. Laldawngliana ruang hi vui liam a ni ta a ni.
A thawmhnaw
Tlangkam titi-ah chuan, Capt. Laldawngliana kaptu tak hi a hnuah Sakawrdai-ah sawn a ni a, mahse, Sakawrdai mipuite chuan Capt. Laldawngliana kaptu a ni tih an lo hria a. "A awm rei chuan kan khawih duh ang e," an tih avangin kar khat pawh awm hman lo chuan an sawn leh ta a ni.

Capt. Laldawngliana ruang hi an phumna hmun, N. Khawdungsei atangin Ex-MNA Association chuan May ni 23, 2018 khan khawtlang mipuite nen an phawrh a, amah thlahna hun ropui taka hman a nih hnuah a tuk May ni 24, 2018 khan Mizo Hnam Run, Aizawlah phurh thlen a ni a. Luangmual-a Martarte Thlan-ah dah leh a ni ang.
Capt. Laldawngliana hi Chengrang Chawi Lai Ni ziaktu V.L. Ringa Sailo chuan, "Pu Dawnga nen hian kan inhrawn ve hman nual. Pa ngilnei, zaidam, rilru tha em em mai a ni. A huaisenin a tul hunah chuan luhlul ve thei tak a ni," a ti.

A hnuaia video hi a ruang phawrhna a ni e.
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31 March 2018

India Union hnuaia Mizoram kan luh dan - R. Lallianzuala

Mizoram hi India State 23-na a ni a, kum 1987 February 20-ah khatih laia India Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi-an Aizawla Sipai Lammualah he thu hi  rawn puang a ni. Chumi hma chuan kum 1972 January ni 21 atangin Union Territory kan ni a. Chu chu chutih laia India Prime Minister Indira Gandhi-in Aizawla Sipai Lammualah bawk a rawn puang a, chumi ni la laah chuan NEFA (North Eastern Frontier Agency) tih reng thin pawh Arunachal Pradesh tih hming pu-a Union Territorry ni tura puang turin Itanagar a pan leh nghal a ni a. Kum 1954 atanga 1972 January ni 20 thleng Assam State hnuaiah Mizo District tih kan ni thin. Mizo District tih hming kan put hmain Lushai Hills District tih kan ni a. Chu Lushai Hills chu India ramah eng tik atanga lut nge a nih kan chhui dawn a ni. 
 
Tawng danga thuziak thui tak chhiar tel lo pawhin kan tawng, Mizo tawng ngeia ziah lehkhabu hrang hranga kan ziaktu hmasate thuziak min hnutchhiah atang hian kan chhui ang a. Thu dik lo ziah emaw, thudik famkim lo ziah emaw hian mi a hruai sual thei a. Chutih laiin thu inang reng dawng sawng rual vek pawh hian kan sawi chhawn leh dan a inang diak diak lo thei bawk tih erawh a hriat theih thung.
 
Kum 1947 August ni 14 zanlai, ni 15 a lo inher luh chiah atangin India chu Bristish ramawp chhung ami ni tawh lovin Independent ram a lo ni dawn ta a. Khatih lai tak khan tuna Mizoram, a hmaa Lushai Hills tih thin kha India hnuaia State pakhat Assam ram chhunga awm tawh sa reng a ni. Eng tik atangin nge Lushai Hills chu Assam ram hnuaiah a luh tih lo chhui leh ta phawt ila.
 
Kum 1872 January thlaah British sipai rualten Sailam lal Bengkhuaia sal naupang kawl Mary Winchester an rawn la let leh a. Chu chu Vai len hmasa (emaw Vai leh vawi khatna emaw) tih a ni. Khata Sipai rual Lushai Hills-a lo chhuakte kha an haw leh mai a, min awp hlen lo. British thuneituten Mizoram pawn chiah Barak phairuama chengte  Mizoten an run tawh tur a ni lo tiin thu an hnutchhiah a. Mahse, chu chu kan Mizo lalten an zàwm lem lo.
Tichuan kum 1889-ah British Sawrkar chuan Lunglei an rawn awp ta a, kum 1989 khan Lunglei kum zana pawh lawm a ni a. A kum leh 1890 February ni 25 atangin Aizawl an awp leh ta a, chu chu Vailen vawi hnihna (emw Vailen hnuhnung emaw) a ni a, kum 1990 February ni 25-ah khan mei mit lova Aizawl khawpui a din kum zana lawm a nih bawk nghe nghe kha. Kum 1890 atang chuan chhum lo chat lovin Mizoram hi British Sawrkarin Bawrhsap hmangin min awp ta a. Kum 1890-ah chuan Lushai Hills-a lal zawng zawngte chu an la tlawm vek lo deuh naa, zawi zawiin Lalburha (1892), Kairuma(1895) leh Ropuiliani (1899) te pawh an hneh zel a. Kum 1901 Chhiarpuiah chuan Mizoram, khatih laia Lushai Hills tih hming pu chhungah British awp loh khua a awm tawh lo.
 
Khawvel Indopui Pahnihna (1939-1945) a tawp thleng khan Lushai Hills-ah political party a la awm ngai lo va. Kum 1943 July atanga 1947 May thlenga Zoram Bawrhsap, Superintendent chu ARH Macdonald a ni. Macdonald Sap hma chiaha Zoram Bawrhsap chu AG McCall (1931-1943) a ni. Chutih lai chuan Mizoram hi Bial hnih - Chhim Bial leh Hmar Bial tia then phawk a ni a. Kum 1935 lam atanga chhim bial lalho ten Conference an lo neih thin tawh chu Bawrhsap Mc Call-a hovin hmar bial lamah pawh an nei ve ta a. Ram hmasawnna leh mipuite thawvenna kawng nia an hriat te an rêlho deuh ber thin. Chungah chuan Mizo lal 400 dawn lai te chu kal kim barh a harsa a, chuvangin C.I  Bial tin lalte chu Lalho Conference-a tel turin aiawh pakhat zel thlantir an ni ta a. Chungho, kum 1940 October thlaa thlanchhuah lal 26 te chuan Bawrhsap leh a thuihruaite nen 1941 October ni 13 leh 14 khan Thenzawlah ram pum huap Lalho Conference vawi khatna an hmang ta a. Kha kha Mizoten democracy zepui, aiawh thlan chhuahte rorelna (representative principle) kan hman tanna a tih theih àwm e.
 
Chutianga lalho inkhawm thin  chu ‘Lushai Chiefs Durbar’ tih hming puttir  a ni a. Kum 1945-ah Indopui Pahnihna a lo tawp ta a. Kum 1946 January ni 14-16 chhung khan Bawrhsap Macdonald-a chuan Intihhlimna, Entirsiakna leh lalho aiawh thlanna ni fàwmin Indopuia Hnehna Lawmna Ni ropui a siam a. Hmar bial mipui sing hnih lai tur chu Aizawlah an pung khawm a. Ni hmasa berah chuan lal aiawh mai ti tawh lovin C.I Bial tin atangin Lal Aiawh 13 leh Vantlang Aiawh 13 Inthlanna hun an siam ta a, chu chu ‘District Conference’ vuah a ni. Bawrhsâp Macdonald-a ruahmannaa Aizawl Biala Circle tin aiawh thlan chhuah mi 26 te chu January ni 18, 1946-ah Bawrhsâp Pisaah an thukhawm ta a. Chhim Bial aiawh inthlanna pawh Lunglei Civil S.D.O-in July 1946-ah a neihpui ve ta a. Lal pasarih leh Hnamchawm mi pasarih bawk an thlang chhuak a. July ni 20, 1946-ah Aizawl Bial aiawhte Inkhawm vawi hnihna koh a ni a. Lunglei Bial aiawhte nen kokim takin November ni 7, 1946 khan Aizawla District Conference tum khatna chu Bawrhsâp Pisaah an thu tan ta a. Chu chu Hmar Bial tan chuan thutkhawm vawi thumna a ni tawh a, ram pum huap erawh chuan a tum khatna a ni chauh va. An inkhawm hmingah chuan Bawrhsâp Macdonald-a chuan ‘Rorêl Khâwl’ a vuah a. Macdonald Sap khan Zoram mipuite thatna tur tak ngaihtuah nia a inhriat laiin Mizo Union Hruaitute nen an thu a inmil hlei thei ta lo va, India Independent dawn têp, May 1947 khan Mizoram a chhuahsan hlen ta nghe nghe a. Bawrhsap tak tak L.L.Peters-an a rawn thlâk hma chhung hun rei  lo te chhung chu Lunglei SDO  D.A Penn-an Bawrhsap charge a lo la lailawk  a ni.
 
India ram a lo independent tâkah chuan mahnia Constitution hran nei turin Constitution duangtu, Constituent Assembly siam a ni ta a. Chairman-ah Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Secretary-ah Dr. B.R.Ambedkar te an ni a. Kha Constituent Assembly-ah khan Mizo Member kan awm ve lo.  Khatih laia Assam rama lal ber, Premier an tih mai chu Gopinath Bardoloi a ni a. Pu Bardoloi-a chu Constituent Assembly Advisory Sub-Committee Chairman a ni a. Member-te chu Thakar Baba, Sir B.N Rao, Rev. JJM Nichols Roy leh Tenjam Aliba Ao te an ni a. He Advisory Committee Secretary hi Mr. Ramadhyani ICS a ni. Pu Bardoloi-a, Chairman  hovin Advisory Sub-Committee Member-te chu Aizawlah  April 17, 1947 khan an thukhawm a. Constituent Assembly Advisory Sub-Committee-a Co-opted Member pahnih Mizo kan tel theih tur thu Chairman chuan a rawn puang a. Chuta Member tur chuan Pu Khawtinkhûma leh Pu Ch. Saprãwnga te thlan an ni a.
 
Pu Khawtinkhûma Mizo Union President a nih tak tak hnua Mizo Union  Party General Assembly neih hmasak ber chu April 22, 1947-ah Aizawlah neih a ni a. Tah chuan Advisory Sub-Committee hnena thehluh tur Mizote tana rawtna engemaw zat an siam a, chung zinga pakhat chu han tarlang ila (Mizorama Politics Inlumleh Chhoh Dan tih bu Pu P.Lalnithanga ziah, First Edition, 2008-a Lengchhawn Press chhut phek 40-41-ah he thu hi kan hmu).
 
“India ram hi ama kea a din veleh tuna Mizoram hi Assam-ah a tel ang a, kawng eng engah emaw chuan Assam sawrkar nen an inzawm ang. Chung inzawmna tur thil chu Assam dan siam pawl leh Mizoram dan siam pawlten inrawn khawmin an la titlu ang” tih te,  “Hemi ram hi tun achinah Mizoram tih a ni ang a, Chutah chuan hengte hi an tel ang:
 
(i) Tuna Lushai Hills hi  (ii) Mizoram zawm Cachar biala Mizo 9,000 lai awmna mêl kil li 300 laia zau khu  (iii) Mizoram zawm Chittagong tlang rama Mizo 5,000 lai awmna mêl kil li 3,000 laia zau khu (iv) Mizoram zawm Meitei tlang rama Mizo 7,000 lai chenna, mêl kil li 3,500 laia zau leh  (v) Mizoram zawm Rengpui ram (Tripura) biala Mizo 7,000 lai awmna, mêl kil li 250-a zau nen” tih te an ni.
 
Heta “India ram hi ama kea a din veleh tuna Mizoram hi Assam-ah a tel ang a” tih thu Constituent Assembly Advisory Sub-Committee-a thehluttu, Co-opted Member an nih vang kha ni maw, Pu Khawtinkhûma leh Pu Ch. Saprãwnga te kha India rama Mizo ram hralhtu-a puh an ni châwk thin.
 
‘Zoram Politics Thli Tleh Dan Volume -I’ phek 20-24 ah chuan heti ang hian Pu C. Hermana'n a ziak :
 
“Kum 1947 a rawn inher chhuah chuan hun danglam tak mai a lo thleng ta a, British sorkar chuan a ram awp khawmte zalenna pea thawhsan a lo tum ta a. Chumi hma chuan India ram chu dominion pahnihah a then a, a zau zawk chu Hindu hovin an chang a, a hming pangngai INDIA tih chu an chhawm a. Pakhat chu Mosolman hovin changin hming thar PAKISTAN tih an vuah a. India ram map-a bet ve thin Burma pawh hetih rual hian sakthlak fel ve nghal a ni a. Mizoram chhim thlang lam rawn ritu East Bengal pawhin an duhthlanna hmangin an Mosolman pui ram thar Pakistan chu, India atanga tal hrangin an zuk zawm a. East Bengal tih hming pu thin kha East Pakistan tih an lo ni ta. Tichuan, Mizoram chu ram hrang pathum, India, Burma leh East Pakistan te inkarah a tlazep ta kâk mai a ni.
 
 Min kârchehtu ram thar pathumte chuan an ram ro inrelna tur Danpui (Constitution) an duang ta mup mup mai a. An han siam zawh chuan tu ram mah chuan Mizoram chu an Danpui huang chhungah chuan an lo senglut tel hauh lo mai a. Mizote zinga ngaihtuahna hmang thei chinte thluak chu a vir buai ve tan ta a. Thenkhatin INdependent-a awm, thenkhatin British thlazar hnuaia Crown Colony-a awm, thenkhatin India zawm, thenkhatin Burma zawm te an sawi mawi ta hlwm a.

Chu inkhawmah chuan Mizorama pawl awmte chu an tel kim hle a. Political party aiawh te, Sipai bang aiawh te, Khhran hrang hrang aiawhte leh Young Lushai Association (YLA) leh Hmeichhe Tangrual Pawl aiawh te thlngin an tel a. An thurel chu hetiang hian record-a vawn that a ni.

1. RESOLVED that owing to the unexpected acceleration of the date of transfer of power by the British Government and as the Lushais have not yet been definitely informed in details as to what is to be the proposed future Constitution and form of administration of the District and as Section (7) Sun Section (2) of the Indian Independence Bill does not clarify the situation. It is accordingly thought necessary that His Excellency the Governor of Assam should kindly inform them in writing as to what these are to be also whether Lushaia are at this stage allowed the option of joining any other dominion, i.e Pakistan or Burma. RESOLVED further  that the Superintendent of Lushai Hills should kindly communicate the above request of the Lushais to the Adviser to His Excellency the Governor of Assam in order to clarify these points.

2. RESOLVED that if the Lushais are to enter the Indian Union their demands are :
(i) That the existing safeguards of their Customary laws and land tenure etc. should be maintained.
(ii) That the Chin Hills Regulation 1896 and Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation 1873 should be retained until such time the Lushais themselves through their District Council or other parallel authority declared that this can be abrogated.

3.That the Lushais will be allowed to opt out of the Indian Union when they wish to do so, subject to a minimum period of ten years.


                                Sd/- L.L.PETERS  14/8/47
                                    Superintendent
                                       Lushai Hills

Sawi lan tawh angin kan thenawm ram indang tir te chuan an Danpui huang chhungah Mizoram leh Mizo mipuite chanvo an lo valh lut tel ve hauh lo mai a. Chuvang chuan August 14, 1947 a Bawrhsap hova Mizo mipui aiawhtute inkhawm pawh hian, bengsika an ngaihtuah hnuah Assam rama thuneitu sang ber Governor chu Mizote awm dan tur, Burma emaw Pakistan emaw zawm chungchang thlenga rawn hrilhfiah turin an phût a.

‘Ta ang ila’ tih thil thu-ah, India lo zawm ta ang an nih chuan mahni hnam dan hmanga ro an inrelna leh ram leilung chunga thuneihna te Mizote kuta awm zui zel turin an sakhithingchunglawn nghal a. British sorkarin Mizote humhalh nana Dan a hman lai, Chin Hills Regulation, 1896 leh Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 te chu Mizoten tul an tih chhûng chu hman chhunzawm zel an phût bawk a. A tawpah India lo zawm ta pawh ni se kum 10 hnu lama duhdan sawi leh theihna nena indelhkilhin thu tlâng an kàwm a ni” tiin.
    
Kum 1966 March ni 1-ah Mizo National Front chuan Mizo independence a puan tâk avangin India ram chhunga inthlanna chi reng reng - VC. MDC. MLA leh MP chuh thei lo turion MNF Party chu dah a lo ni ta a. Kum 1976 July ni 1-ah India Sawrkar leh MNF Party Hruaituten New Delhi-a Inremna an siamah chuan “MNF Palaite chuan Mizoram hi India ram bung hrang laimu pakhatah a pawm a, chutichuan India Sawrkar hnenah Mizoram harsatna zawng zawng chinfelna chu India Danpui chhungah ni se tih chu an pawm thu an hriattir a ni” The MNF delegation acknowledged that Mizoram is an integral part of India and conveyed to the Government of India their resolve to accept a settlement of all the problems in Mizoram within the framework of the Constitution of India tiin MNF President Pu Laldengan a lo sign a. India Sawrkar aiawhin S.L.Khurana, Home Secretary te, S.K.Chhibber, Lt. Governor of Mizoram leh M.L.Kampani, Joint Secretary (North East) ten hming an sign thung a. Hei vang hi ni leh tak maw, tu tuteemaw chuan ‘Pu Laldenga kha alawm Mizoram India ram chhunga ziak meuhva rin lûttu chu’ an ti ve leh bawk.

Tichuan Mizoram hi Pu Laldengan emaw, Pu Ch.Saprawnga leh Pu Khawtinkhuman emaw India rama an hralh luh tak a lo ni awzawng lo ve tiin Pu R.Thanhlira chuan a ziak a. A thu ziak Mizoram leh Kei tih bu 2012-a GILZOM Offset Press-a chhut, phek 196 atanga 209 ami hi a ngai ngaiin i’n bih nawn teh ang u.

(a) Independence hmaa India dinhmun : India ram chu British Sawrkarin a awp lai khan thuang hnihin a kal a - Protected Native States leh British India an tih te chu. Protected Native State te hi British Sawrkar ram tak an ni lo a; mahse British nen Thuthlung siamin, British Sawrkar humhimna leh an hliahkhuhna hnuaia awm an ni. Heng Native State ram te hian mahni lal (Raja/Maharaja) neiin, anmahni ro inrelna an nei a. A lian deuh te chuan sipai te, tangka te, dãk leh inbiakna te leh rel kawng te pawh an nei hrang a. A lar zual thin te chu Hyderabad, Mysore, Kashmir, Patiala, Travancore etc. an ni a. Manipur leh Tripura te pawh chutiang zinga mi chu an ni. Hetiang dinhmun neite zingah hian, Mizo lalte kha pakhat mah an tel ve lo a ni.

Tin, Native State ni lote chu “British India” an ti bîk a. Chung chu British ramlâk leh an awp chiah te an ni. British India chu bung hrang sawm leh pakhat (11) ah an then a; chungte chu State vuah loin Province an vuah a - Assam, Bengal, Punjab, Bihar etc. ang te. Burma ram pawh kum 1937 hma lam zawng kha chuan, British India-a Province pakhat a ni thin.

Chutichuan, British hun laiin, India ah chuan British India leh Protected Native States an awm hrang a nih chu. Ram lem (political map) ah te reng reng hian, Protected Native State te chu rawng engin entir an ni thinin, British India (India ram kan tih thin) chu rawng senin entir an ni thin. Lushai Hills (Mizoram) pawh, British India dang ang bawkin, rawng sena lantir an ni thin.

(b) British hun laia Indiaa Mizoram dinhmun : Kum 1889 tawp lam ah British sawrkarin Mizoram (Lushai Hills) a rawn rûn a; Vailian kan ti a. Sipai te chu  an kalna apiang ah an tlang zar zar a; rang takin Mizoram chu British chuan a nei ta a. Khasi ram chu British Sawrkarin a rùn lai khan kum li lai a tang thei a; Khasi lal engmaw zat chu Mizo lalte ang bawkin, ram leilung neitu nihna nen British in a pawm a; saui tanin an lalna pawh a chhawmtir zel a ni. Kan tluk lo hle. Mizoram chu British India-ah siamin, British India lo ni tawh sa Bengal ramah Lunglei bial te chu an behtir a; Aizawl bial erawh chu Assam ram, British India bawkah chuan an teltir a. Mahse, kum 1898 ah Aizawl leh Lunglei bialte chu hlãwm pakhat, Lushai Hills District-ah siamin, Assam ramah an khung ta vek a. Chuta tang chuan kum 1972-ah Union Territory a nih thleng khan, Assam rama District pakhat a ni ta reng a ni.

Indian Penal Code (IPC) hi British India-a hman atan kum 1860-ah siam a ni a(Act No. XLV of 1860). Scheduled District Act 1874 (14 of 1874) a Section 5 thuneihna hmangin, IPC pawh chu kum 1898 ah Lushai Hills (Mizoram) an huamtir ta nghe nghe a. (vide Gazette of  India 1898 Pt. II p.345). Vailen atang chuan India Independence (1947) thleng khan Mizoram chu British India a nih sûtna a awm ta rêng rêng lo a ni. Amaherawhchu, Mizoram chu ram hnufual, hnam ã leh mãwl, sawrkar lakah pawh la hmin zân lo anga ngaih a nih avangin Assam ram hmun dangte ang loin, political area angin, mãwl leh khauh taka awp a ni zui ta a. Chutiang hmanga awp chu India ram hmun dangah te pawh an awm ve rêng a ni. Chutichuan, British Sawrkarin India a awp lai chuan, Mizoram chu British India-ah a tel reng a nih chu. Official te pawh, tangka pawh India sawrkar tangka lo chu a awm ngai lo a ni. Chuvangin India a indan (independent) thleng khan, Mizorama sawrkar hnathawk zawng zawng, Mizo leh hnam dangte pawh, India sawrkar mi rawih vek an ni a. Tin, kum sawm dan zela mihring chhiarpui (census) India Sawrkarin a siam thu-ah pawh, Mizoram mipui te chu chhiar tel an ni ve ziahin, India ram mipui tam lam ziahnaah an telh zel thin a ni.

(c) “Excluded Area” awmzia : Kum rei tak chhung chu British hnuaiah chuan India mipuite chuan zalènna boruak an hîp pha lo a; lungawi lohna pawh a lo zualkai ta zel a. Chu chu thawi dam turin, British chuan India ramah mipuite aw lal ve turin, ram rorelna Dan a siam tha ta a; ram bung (province) tin ten mahni thuneihna tâwkfang (provincial autonomy) nei turin a rel ta a. Chu Danpui chu Government of India Act, 1935 tih a ni a. Chutichuan, Province tin te chuan Legislative Assembly (dan siamna) mipui thlan leh Ministry an nei ta a. Assam pawh chuan chutiang Legislative Asembly chu a nei ta a. Nimahsela, bial hnufual zual thenkhat, mipui sawrkarna la phâk ve lova an ngaihte an awm a. Chungte chu “Excluded Area” an vuah a. “Excluded” awmzia chu “huam tel ve loh”,  “daidan hnan” tihna a ni.

Excluded Area hi chi hnih a awm thin a - Partially (engemaw chena) Excluded leh Wholly (a pumhluma) Excluded tih an ni. Assam ramah chuan Naga Hills, North Cachar Hills leh Lushai Hills te chu “Wholly Excluded” kan ni a; Khasi & Jaintia Hills leh Garo Hills (Meghalaya ni ta) leh Mikir Hills te chu “Partially Excluded” an ni thin. Excluded Area hian a kawh chu, India ram emaw, Assam ram emaw laka “excluded” a ni lo a; Assam Legislative Assembly leh Assam Ministry te thuneihna laka “excluded” a ni zâwk a ni.

Tin, Government of  India Act, 1935 in a rel angin, Excluded Area te hi Governor mi mal hnuaiah leh ama enkawl tura dah an ni a. Chuvangin, India ram independent hma zawng kha chuan Lushai Hills leh Naga Hills  leh North Cachar Hills te chu Assam rama tel ni ve mah sela, Assam Sawrkarin an chungchang a relsak ngai hauh lo a; Governor kut liau liau-ah an awm a; ani chuan Bawrhsap te hmangin ro a relsak thin a ni. Chutichuan, Lushai Hills chu Naga Hills leh North Cachar Hills te ang bawkin Excluded Area a nih lai khan Assam ram a ni tho a, British India a ni tho bawk a; mahse, Assam Governor enkawlin a awm a ni.
 
Union Territory leh State a nih hma khan Arunachal Pradesh (North Eastern Frontier Agency tih thin) hi Assam rama telh a ni a. Nimahsela, District Council takngial pawh nei tlâk lo khawpa mãwl leh la changkãng lo-a ngaih a nih avangin, tlangmi dangte chuan Assam-ah MLA kan neih tawh lai khan, Assam Assembly ah aiawh (MLA) nei ve loin, Assam Governor chuan Adviser pakhat hmangin a enkawl thin a. Hei hi Excluded Area tia vuah a ni lo nain, Excluded Area tih nen khan a zia a thuhmun chiah a ni a. Khatih hun lai pawh khan India a nih loh phah chuang lo.

(d) Independence dawna India ram sawi danglam dan : Kum 1947 hma lam kha chuan, tuna Pakistan ram leh Bangladesh ram te hi India ram an ni thin tih chu thangthar te pawhin an hre àwm e. British Sawrkarin India chhuahsan lo thei lo nia a inhriat tâkah khan, India ram Muslim hruaitu te chuan, Pakistan ram dìn tîr nan India ram a Muslim bitna bial te chu India atanga sak thlâk ni turin an ngiat ta tlat mai a. Chuvangin, hmun tam takah Hindu leh Muslim inkarah buaina rapthlak tak tak a chhuak a; Bengal-ah phei chuan an insãm nasa hle mai a. Kum 1946 a Calcutta Inthahpui (The Great Calcutta Killings) te kha theihnghilh a har hle ang. Chutiang chu a nih avangin, India hruaitute pawh chuan, India ram atangin Pakistan ram tur sah thlâk chu, rilru na tak chungin an remti ta a. British Sawrkar hriatpuiin, insiamrem dan tur te chu an rel ta vek a. Chung te chu Indian Independence Act, 1947 (India Indanna Dan, 1947) ah a chuang a. He Indian Independence Act hi London ah Royal Assent (Kumpinu Remtihna) pawh July 18, 1947 ah pêk a ni a. Chu Dan ang chuan India rama lal nei hrang ho, British ram lâk ni loa, mahse a hliahkhuhna hnuaia awm, Protected Native State te kha, anmahni hliahkhuhtu, British Sawrkarin a chhuahsan hun (lapse of paramouncy) ah chuan, an duh ang ang thlan theihna zalènna pêk an ni a. A duh apiangin India emaw Pakistan emaw an zawm ang a; an duh chuan an insawrkar hrang (independent) thei ang,  tih a ni.
 
Tin, British India ram chhungah chiang taka Muslim ho bitna bial - Sind, Baluchistan, N.W.F Province leh tuna Bangladesh ni ta  te chu Pakistan an ni ang a. Tin, Assam rama Sylhet District leh Punjab ah te chuan, dinhmun a chian tâwk loh avangin, mipui ngaihdan lâkna (referendum) a awm ang, tih a ni bawk a. Mipui duhdan lâk a nih hnuah chuan, Sylhet District chu East Pakistan-ah a lût ta a; tin, Punjab ram chanve vel zet pawh West Pakistan-ah a lût ve ta a ni.

Chutiang chuan Pakistan pian nana India ram sah thlâk tur chu, British India leilung atangin a ni a. Ram insemtu tur te chu India leh Pakistan an ni a. Helai thilah hian, ram dang - Burma, British emaw, Nepal emaw te chu eng vàng mahin an tel ve rêng rêng lo a ni. Pakistan ram a tel lo tur chu India-ah awm zui zel tur a ni ringawt mai a ni. Lushai tan, Garo tan, Khasi emaw Naga emaw tan duhthlanna - Pakistan zawm, Burma zawm, British ram awp nih zêl - hawn a awm rêng rêng lo a ni.

“India ram hmarchhakah khian hnam hnufual leh changkang lo (backward tribes) tam tak an awm a. An nunphung leh an sakhua te pawh a danglamin, Hindu leh Muslim ang an ni lo a. British Sawrkarin India a lo chhuahsan dawn hian, chung mite chu engtin nge in tih dawn?” tiin British Parliament London ah M.P pakhat chuan May 1947 ah zawhna a siam a. Heta hnam hnufual a tih te hi Mizo, Garo, Khasi, Naga etc. anmahni mingo ho azara Kristian sakhua vuantute hi an ni bîk deuh niin a lang a. Tin, independence a lo hnaih lai khan, Sap mingo Missionary te leh Sawrkar-a British Officer lian tam takin, chung tlangmite chenna ram chu British ramawp (Crown colony) ni zui zel mai se, tia sawi rîkna chak tak an nei nghe nghe a. Mahse, British Sawrkar chuan a pawm sak lo a. Khi mi zawhna khi, Parliament-ah vêk chuan Sawrkarin a chhâng nghal a, “India ram hi British Sawrkarin  a chhuahsan hunah chuan, a pumin a chhuahsan ringawt mai dawn a ni. India-ah hian hnam hnufual tam tak an awm tih kan hria a; chung hote enkawl dan tur chu India hruaitute hian an hria a; an kutah an him tâwk a ni” tiin. Duhthlanna a hawng hauh lo.

Chutichuan, British Sawrkar a chhuah hunah chuan British India a ram bung thenkhatte sât thlain Pakistan din a ni ang a; a bâk chu India a ni ang. Tin, Native States (Raja/Maharaja nei) te erawh chuan India emaw Pakistan emaw an zawm thei ang a; an duh chuan independent sawrkar pawhin an ding thei ang, tih a nih chu. Chutiang te zingah chuan Mizo lal pakhat mah an tel lo. Tin, India leh Pakistan inkára leilung ramri kal dan tur chungchangah inhnial theihna lai te a awm a. Chung chu ching fel turin Radcliff Commission an siam a. Chu chuan a chingfel ta bawk a ni.

(e) British hnuaia Mizo lalte dinhmun : Mizoramah sikul an hawn tirhin naupangte tan a Zirtirh Bu an siamah chuan, “Mizo ramah lal chi bîk an awm lo. Hnam tin anmahni tâwkin an lal. An indo a, a ngam lo apiang mi khuaah an lût thin” tih a chuang a. Tu mahin a dik lo a ni  tiin an hnial ngai lo. Hei hian hmasang Mizo lalte dinhmun leh nungchang a hril chiang hle a ni. Tin, British Sawrkarin Mizote ram a lâk hma kha chuan Mizo lalte chu mahni tâwka lal (independent) theuh an ni a. British Sawrkar pawhin Mizo te ram chinah a ngaih a awm a. Chu chu Cachar ram depa Mizo lal, Suakpuilala hnenah an ramri pawh, Thuthlung ang ziak meuhin January 1871-ah khan an pe a.  Nimahsela, a khua leh tuite chuan chu Thuthlung chu an pawmsak loh avangin rin hlen a ni ta lo a ni.

Kum 1889 December-ah British Sawrkarin Mizoram a rawn rùn lai khan Mizo lalte chu an tê hlawm a. Tin, lalte zawng zawng inthlunkhawmna (Central government) an neih bawk loh avangin an tangrual thei lo a. Chuvangin, awlsam takin Mizoram chu an la ta a ni. Kan Mizo lalte an hmuh dan pawh kha a nêp deuh a nih ngei a rinawm; India ram lal (Raja) te leh Khasi State lal te anga Thuthlung taktak an siampui pawh tumah an awm lo niin a lang. Mizo lal thenkhat te chu an khua leh tuiten an hlau a, an tih a; lal thenkhatte erawh chu an ngaisangin an ngainain an zah êm êm thin a ni. Vailen hnuah chuan lalte zingah Sailo hnam an tam ber a, “lal chi” an inti bîk deuh a; hnamdang lalte chuan “Hnamchawm lal” tih an hlawh thin. Mahse, Sawrkar atanga ramri lehkha nei an nih phawt chuan lal dik tak an ni theuh a; an dinhmun pawh a thuhmun vek a ni.
 
Mizo lal te chu an khua leh tuite tha taka enkawl tur leh kaihruai tura beisei an ni a. Chu chu lala an thutna chhan ber pawh niin a lang. Tin, lal a thih chuan a aiawh tur chu “a fate zinga mi a ni deuh ber ang” tih a ni chauh a; a tul dan azirin mi dang daih pawh Sawrkar chuan lalah a thuttir thei a ni. N.E.Parry ICS, kum 1924-1928 chhunga Mizoram Bawrhsap a thu chuan Sawntlung khaw lal a bàn a. Mr. A.G McCall ICS, 1931-1943 chhunga Bawrhsap pawhin lalte hnenah “an lalna chu en tha sela, an khuate rorelin vawng tha turin ngaihtuah rawh se; chuti lo chu Sawrkar leh khua leh tui tan, anmahni leh an fate lal atan an awm hi a tha lo zâwk dah ang e,” tiin a hrilh (vide Mizo leh Vai Chanchin Bu, July 1936 p.121) Tin, amah vêk hian, “Tuna Bawrhsap hi a lo awm chinah lal pahnih chauh thlâk an ni. Pakhat an thlâkna chhan chu, he lal emaw a fate emaw hi Mizo ramah rorel tlâk niin an hriat tawh loh vang a ni...Pahnihna chu, lal hna thawh tur a thawh loh vang a ni...Lal tupawh ... a khua leh tui enkawl a ngaihthaha, thil tha lo te a tih chuan, Governor-in a bàn mai ang... Lal te hi Governor remtiha an khua leh tuite chunga rorel tura ruat an ni,” a ti bawk. (vide Mizo leh Vai Chanchin Bu, January 1941 pp. 7-8) Tin, ARH MacDonald ICS, 1943-1947 chhunga Bawrhsap pawhin khaw pathum - Mimbung, Kawnpui leh Khawlian lalte a bàn bawk.

Tin, Mizo lalte khan an khua leh tuite ang bawkin ram leilung chungah neitu nihna an lo nei lo niin a lang. Bawrsap A.G.McCall vêk khan thingtlang khua a fannaah te an khaw leilung chu Sawrkar ram a niin, khaw mipuite hman atan pêk a nih thu lalte hnenah a sawi thin  an ti a. Chutiang chu a dik a nih chuan “lal ram” aiin “khaw ram” (village land) ni zâwkin a lang. Tin, lal khua ramri te pawh a tul dan ang zela kham that theihna thuneihna pawh Bawrhsap kutah a awm avangin, ram leilung chu lal mimal ta an ni lo tih a chiang a. Tawngkamin “lal ram” kan tih mai thin te kha lal thenkhatte ram sahthlâk sakin khaw thenawm ramah Sawrkarin a pêk sak tâk te pawh an awm rêng a ni. Tin, Mizo lalten an khua leh tuite hnen atanga an dawn ngei tur, an chanvo (rights) liau liau atan Sawrkarin a lo ruat chu buh chhùn (fathang) a ni a. Chuvangin, lalte chu Village Council a thlâk an lo nih khan, zângnadawmna (compensation) tur pawh, an buhchhùn dawn zât athu khan an chhût sak ta a nih kha.

Chutichuan, Mizo lalte kha kawng tinrengah Sawrkar thuhnuaia awm an nih avangin, British Sawrkarin India a kalsan dawn khan, Pakistanah telh chi a nih si loh avangin Mizoram chu British India hmun dang ang bawkin, India-ah tel turin min hnutchhiah ta a ni.  

MNF ten ralthuam an pêk luh hma deuhhlek khan Naga hruaitu hranghlui A.Z.Phizo chu London-ah Pu Laldênga nena an dinhmun danglamna chanchinbu miten an zâwt a. “Naga ram chu India in a rún a, Laldênga hote chu India Sawrkar laka hel an ni alãwm,” tiin a chhang a. A chhanna tawi te hian thu thui takin a sawifiah thawkhat hle niin a lang. Naga hruaitute chuan, kum 1930 hma lam tawhah khan ‘India mi kan ni lo, India ah pawh kan tel lo’ tiin Simon Commission hnenah an lo thehlut tawh a. Tin, British Sawrkarin India a chhuahsan dawn pawh khan chu bawk chu an thu lâk dan a ni thin a. British a chhuah fel veleha independent sawrkara ding thei turah Naga chuan an inngai a; an inzirtir dan pawh a ni thin. Kum 1948-ah Shillong khuaa an hruaitu thenkhatte kan kawmnaah pawh an khauh khawp mai. Assam rama tlangmi theuh kan nih avangin, kum 1952 atangin MLA te kan neih ve hunah chuan Assam tlangmite chu Assembly-ah pawl khat ah inhlawmin tangrual tlat ila  tia kan sawiin, “Nangni chu in fing alãwm! keini chu kan ã a. India-ah kan tel ngai dawn lo a; kan independent dawn. Kan chem leh kan fei te hi kan neih chhûng chuan engmah kan hlau lo a ni,”  an ti bung hut zel mai a, kan tluk lo khawp mai.

An tum ang ngei chuan an che zui ta rêng a. India independent hnua inthlanpui hmasa ber, kum 1952-a lo awmah chuan District Council Member (MDC) te, MLA te, MP te thlan a lo hun ta a. Mahse, tumah an inpe lo a, tumahin vote an thlâk  duh ta bawk lo va. India politiks atang chuan an inthiar fihlim famkim khawp mai. Tunah hian kum 50 chuang zet chu India an do ta a; mahse India sawrkar chuan vawiin thleng hian khaihlak awm hauh loin Naga ramah ro a rêl ta zel tho a ni.Tin, Sawrkar lakah helin ramhnuaia bibo tâwk awm mah sela, Inthlanpui hunbi dang lo awmah te chuan an tel ve ta a. Kum 1963-ah Assam ram atanga Naga ram lâk hran a nih hma khan, Assam Assembly-ah an MLA te an thu hlawm hman a ni.

Mizoramah ve thung chuan kum 1948-ah mipuiin phûr takin Lushai Hills Advisory Council kan thlang a. Kum 1952 atanga tun thleng hian District Council, U.T Assembly, State Asembly leh Parliament Member turte thlan apiangah Mizoram mipui chu phûr takin kan tel zel a. Hei hian Mizoram mipuiten India an pawm chianzia a lantir fiah hle a ni.

“India independent rual khan Mizoram pawhin kawng dang dang zawh turin duh thlan theihna a nei a. Mahse, khâng hun laia kan politiks hruaitute kha an lo màwl êm avangin India-ah min hruai lût ta a ni” tiin mi thenkhat ten thu an vawrh vel vak vak thin hi thil dik a nih lohzia chu ka’n tarlan tâk te leh, Naga ram dinhmun atang te pawh hian mi pangngai tan chuan hriat thiam theih mai àwm tak a ni.

India a lo indan dawn lai vel khan, Khasi leh Garo ram (tuna Meghalaya) hruaitute ang bawkin, Mizo Union hruaitute chuan India rama Assam-ah kan awm zui rih dawn a ni tih chu an hre mai a. Chuvangin, Mizo mipuite dinhmun leh Mizo hnam zia leh nunphung te humhalh theihna dan tur kawng dapin Mizo Union chu a hmanhlel ta a. Chutia an inhmanna chuan Indian Constitution-ah Sixth Schedule-a Autonomous District Councils chungchang lo chuang ta chu a rawn hring ta a ni. Tichuan, kum 1952 ah MP, MLA  leh MDC kan nei tan a; hmasáng atanga Mizo mipuite phurrit leh hnehchhiah an nih thinna hmanrua te chu Mizo Union chuan a nam thla ta phawk phawk mai a nih kha! Chung laia hruaitute leh mipuite vah èn saa lo pianga seilian tate chuan, kan mi hmasate hnathawh ropuizia leh an inpêk zawhzia te an hre phâk lo a; hriat pawh an tum lêm lo niin a lang.
 
Advisory Sub-Committee ah Pu Ch.Saprãwnga leh Pu Khawtinkhûma Co-opted Member angin an tel avanga Mizoram hralhtu ni ta lua-a sawi te pawh hi, khang lai hun chiang taka tem leh hre phâk te tan chuan, thil nuihzatthlâk a tling thei lek lek thin a ni. Khatia Co-opted Member an nih hma atang tawh khan Mizo Union chuan India Thar-a Mizote dinhmun atana an suangtuah dan chu an lo sawi fo tawh zâwk a; chu chu he Sub-Committee hnenah hian an thlen ta nghe nghe a ni.

Tin, Pu Laldênga, MNF pawl hruaitu leh India Sawrkar an Inremna Thuthlung a thuchuang pakhat avang hian, Mizoram a hralh ta niin ngaih theih a ni rêng rêng lo. British hun laia Mizoram, India Sawrkarin a chhawm tâk zêl, U.T Sawrkar pawhin a chhawm zui tâk zêl chu Mizoramah a pawm ve a ni tih a tarlang mai a ni. Thil thar engmah a awm lo; thil awmsa kha a rawn pawm mai zâwk a ni.

Hetiang  tak hian Pu R.Thanhlira chuan kum rei tak chhunga kan ram dinhmun khaikhawmna a rawn ziak chhuak a, a tlangkawm nan “Mizoram hralhtu-ah puh tur kan zawng lui tlat dawn a nih chuan, Vailen laia Mizo lalte, Thuthlung chhuan tur engmah awm hauh loa Vailian laka intulût tate kha kan puh tel ve ang em?” a ti nghe nghe a ni.

Chutichuan, kan han sawi tak atanga lo lang ta chu Vailen hnuhnung-a Lushai Hills British ramawp chhunga a lo luh tâk atang khan India rama Assam ram province chhunga District pakhat kan lo ni ta a. Kum 1947 August ni 15 atang phei chuan British ramawp chhunga mi ni tawh lovin India ram liau liau chhunga District pakhat kan ni zui a. Kum 1952-ah Lushai Hills District Council a lo ding a. Kum 1954-ah Lushai Hills District Council tih chu Mizo District Council tiin a hming thlak a ni a. Kum 1947 atanga kum sawmna, kum 1957 kumah khan Assam Legislative Assembly-a kan Mizo MLA te emaw, Mizo District Council-a Members (MDC-te) emaw-in Mizoram hi India rama awm zel tur kan ni dawn lo’m ni ti-a rawtna a awm thar leh ta reng reng lo. Kum 1890 atang khan Lushai Hills District tih hming te, Mizo District tih hming leh Mizoram Union Teritorry tih hming te lo pu tawhin, kum 1987 February ni 20 atangin Mizoram State tih hming pu zui zelin India ramah kan awm ta char char a ni ber mai e. 
 
   
(He thu hi Mizo Students' Union-in June ni 26, 2013-a Aizawl Club-a 'India Union hnuaia Mizoram kan luh dan' tih thupuia hmanga symposium a buatsaiha R. Lallianzuala paper present a ni).
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27 March 2018

Fiamthu-ah bawk ka let leh!

Kum 2008-a LPS Comedian Search an tih hmasak ber khan ka tel a, ka nawn leh sak bawk a! Khata tanga kum hnih/thum vel chu fiamthu ka buaipui a, a chanchinbu te thlengin kan tichhuak a. Nimahsela, mi zakzum tak ka nih roh si avang leh, mite'na fiamthu buaipuitute min hmuh dan hi ka tawrh zawh ngang loh avangin ka bansan ta a ni.

2010-ah active takin internet ka khawih chho tan a, misual.com (tunah chuan a chhe rih a) lamah fiamthu te ka post fo mai. April ni 1, 2011-ah youtube lamah channel ka siam tan a, fth lama ka awm lai a nih angin, chutah chuan Comedian Search video ka upload thin. Chu channel chu tunah chuan a chhe tawh nghe nghe. Facebook-ah fiamthu huang page ka siam a, tun thlenga la update-in likers pawh 64k zet chu an awm tawh. Tin, blogger-ah fiamthu blog ka siam ta bawk a, mahse, a chhiat zui avangin wordpress lamah insawnin, December ni 7, 2011-ah bul ka tan tha leh ta a.

Kum chanve zen zawn wordpress lama blog neia ka update hnuah, domain neiha han tih ve ka duh ta a. June ni 5, 2012 khan mizofiamthu.com ka siam a, kum khat chhung ka enkawl. Ka update that avangin a hit pawh a hit nangiang a, sum siam nan erawh ka hmang lo. Mahse, ka renew loh avangin a tawp a, a hnua renew leh tuma hma ka han lak nak chuan, a lo to tawh lutuk (a hun lai khan traffic a lo sang viau a), ka chawlhsan ta a ni.

Tichuan, ka'n chawl vang vang a. Internet atanga sum hmuh theih dan te a taka han hriat zet hnuah, facebook leh whatsapp avanga Mizo website zawng zawng a chawlh thiap hnuah, fiamthu chu a hit reng tho a ni tih hriain nikum, 2017 February thlaah thian dang pahnihte nen fiamthuhuang.com kan kalpui leh ta a. Nimahsela, kan siam chhan ber - sum lakluh nana hman tuma adsense kan apply hlawhchham tak avangin kan renew leh ta lo va, kumin February thla khan a tawp ta a ni.

Ngaihtuahnaah chuan fiamthu blog/website neih duhna thinlung chu a awm reng tho mai a. Tichuan, tun thla maiah khan fiamthu post-na tur liau liau fiamthu blog — Mizo Fiamthu chu ka siam leh ta rawih a. English jokes-a category hrang hrang an siam ang deuhin, category hrang hrang — Hnamdang Fiamthu, Infiamna Fiamthu, Nungcha Fiamthu, Nupa Fiamthu, Police Fiamthu, Politics Fiamthu, Sakhaw Fiamthu, Zirna Fiamthu, Zu Fiamthu, Zahmawh Rawngkai, Fiamthu Tawi, Chetchhiatna, Article, Thlalak/Video tea thenin ka update chho tan a (a tul dan azirin category hi la dah belh zel theih a ni). March ni 23, 2018 khan ka post hmasa ber ka publish a ni.

Kum 2011 chho vela fiamthu website leh blog ka siam hi chu sum siam tumna lam ni lovin, Mizo fiamthute hmun khata dahkhawm tula hriatna ka neih vang a ni. Khatih lai khan fiamthu blog/website pangngai kan la nei lo hrim hrim a, hmun hrang hranga Mizo awmte tana hlu tak tur nia ka hriat avangin hun neih remchan apiangin ka update tauh tauh thin a, mi pawhin min hlutsak ve hle niin ka hria. Tuna blog ka han siam leh taka pawh hi thla ruk hnuah chauh adsense ka apply thei dawn chauh a, ka apply thei ta lo a nih pawhin hei hi chu ka kalpui zel ang.

Ka hman chuan nitin post pakhat tal siam ka tum a, tun hmaa blog-a fiamthu ka post thinte ka dah hmasak phawt avangin fiamthu pawh a hlui deuh maithei. Mahse, fiamthu chu a la chhiar lote tan a thar a ni mai a! A chung lama ka tarlan tawh angin, chu ka fiamthu blog thar chu MIZO FIAMTHU a ni a, a link hi lo bookmark-in lo chhinchhiah ula, in lo tlawh ve thin dawn nia. Tin, facebook lama FIAMTHU HUANG page-ah blog-a post kan neihte link kan share bakah fiamthu tawi te te kan dah ve reng a, he page hi in lo like-in in lo tlawh ve thin dawn nia.

 
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24 March 2018

Hmangaihna Tuboh [Bung 2]

Bung 1-na chhunzawmna...

Kan chhungkua hi chhungkaw pangngai tak kan ni a, ka nu leh pate hian kei fapa mal, fanu pangngai pakhat leh tuai pakhat an lo hring tawh a. Ka hriat phak chinah kan tam lai berin pasarih kan ni a, mahse, ka pu leh kan upa ber dawt hmeichhia an boral tawh avangin panga kan nit a tihna a nih tawh chu.

Ka pa hi pa laihawl, kum 45 mi vel, tawng tlem lam deuh hi a ni a. Tum khat chu khaw pakhatah chingit zuarin kan zin a. Chawchhun ei tur pai nachang kan lo hre si lo, ni sa bawk nen kan chauhvin kan riltam nasa mai a. Thlen ina tlaia chaw kan han ei chu riltam nen kan ei teuh va. Thlen inpa chaw bel bula thu chu a lo bengvar tawk lo nge ni, a tawp lamah chuan chaw khawrh nachang a hre ta reng reng lo mai a. Ka pa kha a lo la puar awzawng lo hi a lo ni a. A sawi hreh deuh si, a thleng te kha thirfianin a’n vaw ri deuh chhang chhang thin a, a la rawn khawrh chuang bawk si lo. A tawp a tawpah chuan a lam ta tawp a.

“Chaw — ve tawp mai a!”

“A awm tawh lo!”

A tho chiang teh asin. Khami ni atang kha chuan vawi khat mah kan thleng nawn leh ta lo.

Ka nu ve thung chu inkhawm taima tak leh tawngthei ve tak, zing tawngtai inkhawm thulh ngai lo, mihlim kan tih ang chi hi a ni a. Fiamthu pawh a duh angreng hle a, kan kohhran nuhovin tum khat chu intihhlimna an nei a. Chutah chuan ka nu chu item an neihtir ta a. Hetiang hian thu a sawi alawm!

‘Vawiin hian Samari mitha, Jerusalem atanga Jeriko khuaa zuk kal, suamhmangho zinga zuk tlu luta thi mai tura an hnutchhiah chanchin atang khan Pathian thu kan ngaihtuahho dawn a ni.

‘Ngai the u, Sheba Lalnu chu vanneihthlak takin a sakawr tawlailir changkang zet hian a lo kal hlauh mai a; a kekual leh thirphanah pawh silver ngat a hmang a ni. Samari mitha chuan hliam tuar chu a tanpui dawn lai takin Elija chu a mei tawlailirin a lo tlan a, Sheba Lalnu chu intlansiakpui turin a rawn sawm ta mauh mai. Sheba Lalnu chuan remtiin Samari mitha chu a phur a, theihtawp chhuahin chhum zingah, thawchham khawpin an tlan a, a va ropui em! A ropui ka tih chu a rim te a va nasa tak em!

‘Sheba Lalnu chu tawlailir khalh thiam tak a nih loh avangin Samari mitha chuan pawi a ti em em a, nakinah chuan tawlailir chhuatah a chhuk a, a zuk mu hahdam ta zawk a. Mahse, rei vak lovah chuan khawii lai nge an thlen tih hriat tumin a han dak chhuak a, Juniper thing hnuaia an tlan lai tak a lo ni a. A tang hreute chuan a samah an lo man a, lei leh van inkarah ni sawmli leh zan sawmli zet chu a thên ta nawlh nawlh reng mai a.

'Choakin chaw te, khaukhuap leh ram khawizu te an rawn pe thin a. A nupui Delili a lo kal hlauh mai a,  a sam chu a rawn tansak ta thawt mai a; a then pialtlep lei pan hmunah te a tla a, a then leithaah, a then chu hnimhlîngnei zingah a tla a. Samari mitha chu a tho va, a pa hnena kal turin a chhuak ta a.

'Vanduaithlak takin kawng a bo va, kawng lian leh mam tha zawk chu a zawh thla chawt a; a kalkawngah chuan tleirawl pakhat hian milian zet mai hi virvawma vawm thlûk tumin a lo veh a lo veh a, mahse, Samari mitha chuan a ngaihsak zui lo. Kawng bula thingbuk kâng a hmuh chuan a thingthi a, "Lalpa, hausakna ka dil lo che, kawng dik zawk ka hriat theihna turin finna min pe rawh," a ti a.

'Tichuan, a kal zel a, gate te tak tê awmna chu a zu thleng a, chhum zingah a kal tlang a, chu chhum chu antam mu tiat lek a ni. Tichuan, chhum a chhuahsan hnuin ni sawmli leh zan sawmli ruah a lo sur a, khawvel chu tsunami-in a nuai zawm avangin tuiin a chîm ta a. A chuanna tur lawng a tuk a, "Adam, Adam, khawiah nge i awm?" tiin aw a hria a. Ani chuan, "Heta hi ka awm e, mi tîr ta che," tiin a lo chhang a.

'Chutih lai chuan lawng chhûnga ramsate chu, "Tu tak vawrh chhuak ang maw?" tiin an lo lungngai hman hle a. Thum an vâwr a, Samari mitha chungah chuan a tla ta thuai a. Lawng atanga vawrh chhuah chu a thlang a, an han vawrh chhuah chuan sangha lian pui puiin an lo ei zo nghal vek a. Ni thum leh zan thum a vei chuan vaukamah an luak chhuak leh a, a lawm lutuk chu, "A ropui e, a ropui e," tiin a au ta vak vak mai a ni.

'Samari mitha chu kawngah chuan a chhuk zel a, a ril a lo tam ta a. Mi pakhat, chhêk-in thiata a aia lian zawk lo sa mek chu a va hmu a. A hnen atang chuan chhangper panga leh sangha pahnih chu tangka sawmthumin lei a tum a, mahse, chhêk-in satu roreltu tlangval hausa tak mai chuan, "Mihring hi chhang chauhvin a nung lo ve, nangmah va inâwkhlum zawk rawh," tiin athu a lo ràwn a.

'Mipui tam tak zingah a kal ta a, mipa chin ringawt pawh sangnga an tling daih a ni. Eng chena hla nge kawng la awm chu hmuh a duh avangin theipui kungah a lâwn a. Mi pakhat hian a rawn en chho va, "Lo chhuk rawh, mihring mantu-ah ka siam ang che," a ti a. Ani chuan, "Nupui ka nei ta a, ka lo chhuk thei lo vang," a ti a. Theipui kung atang chuan hla tak a thlir a. Babel insang a va hmu a, insang chhîpa Jezebeli, a kawrfual ze hrang hranga inthuam a va hmuh chuan, "Rawn namthla rawh u," tiin a au a. An rawn namthla tak tak a. "Rawn namthla nawn leh rawh u," tiin a au leh a. Vawi sawmsarih hmun sarih an rawn namthla a. A keh them bangnawite chu an rût a, bawmrang sawmpahnih a tling a ni. Unau duhtakte u, tunah hian hei hi ka zawt duh che u a ni. Rorelna ni-ah chuan tu nupui ber nge a nih tak ang le?' tiin.

He a thusawi hian sawi leh lawm a hlawh kher mai. Mi thenkhat phei chuan fiamthu thawh nana Pathian thu han hman chu tiin an dem viau a, mahse, ani nu tawngthei ve tak tih takah engtin tin emaw a insawi thiam leh zung zung a. Amah sawiseltute chu inthiam lo ram ram khawpin a siam lêt erh thun!

Zan khat chu camping tiak zan a ni bawk a, kan inkhawm chu kan tui ngang mai. Ka nu erawh chu a hritlang khuhpuak a nat em avangin a rawn inkhawm ve lo va. Hla kan sa a, kan nawn tlut lut a, rei fe hnuah chuan nu pakhat hi a rawn tawng lut lawng lawng a.

"E heu! Tun tum zing tawngtai inkhawm chu kan va thahnem ve!"

Ka han hawi chhuak a, ka rin ang ngei ngeiin ka nu lo niin! Ka hawi lut rang kher mai. Hemi tum hian chairman pawh zing tawngtai inkhawmah a chair tlang nghal a ni.

Kan tuai neih chhun chu ka û chiah hi a ni a. Ka nu hi chhûn ve deuh rohvin inkhawm peih ve zet mai leh tawng cheh ve thawkhat hi a ni a. A taksa ruangam indin dan vel han en chuan hmeichhia tur mipaa piang (tuaia piang?) ni awm tak hi a ni zawk a; a âwm te chu a hnawh pâwng ve pàr a. A hming diktak chu Rorehlova ni mah se, ani chuan 'Akimi' tia koh a duh tlat thung. A hming, Rorehlova hi ka pu sak a ni a, hmanlai Fanai lal ropui leh huaisen, pâ em em mai, Rorehlova hming chawia a sak a ni a, vanduaithlak takin a pâ ve ta lo mai pawh a. Hming put chhan luah zo lo ber a ni hial awm e.

Pastor bial fang thuhril zan tur hi a ni a. Chhak lamah pahi, thlang lamah nuho leh a laiah nula leh tlangval thalai rual chu an thu khat tlat a. Tan dar rîk hma hretah chuan 'Akimi' chu a hlabu zakzeh tãt chungin a rawn lut zãw zãw a, ka lo melh ru reng a. A langsar chin a thleng ta maw tihah a ding chut a, hawi vual vual chungin, "Khawiah nge tuai hi kan thut ve dawn?" zuk ti no piak a! Insûm theih ni tawh hek lo, chairman leh pastor hovin mipui an nui bu tlawrh tlawrh mai a.

A zahthlak duh haih haih ngei mai.

Kan unau zinga upa ber K'u Pari ve thung chu kohhran leh khawtlang thiltihnaa inhmang tak a ni a, a hobby-ah pawh 'hnatlang' a ti mai thin. Mak tak maiin ka nu aiin MHIP member a ni hmasa a, ka pa aiin politics a tuipui zawk bawk. A ha nawhna lamah a hapui pakhat a nâwt nghîng tawh a, a hahmai chu sawi lâwk awm miah lovin a bung hmak tawh bawk. 'Mami' tia koh hi ka nu pawh a inthlahrung ve deuh thin tih a hriat theih a, kei phei chuan bawmranga khung hial ka rawt tawh a, a hlawhtling lo.

A zan mu a tawngvaih changin 'YMA aiin ka upa zawk' a rawn ti chhuak fo thin. A aia upate pawhin an zah rûk hial khawpa û ni mah se, kan chhungkaw member-ah chuan zuk leh hmuam ti lo awm chhun a ni a. Kum sawmthum leh panga lai sahdah a hmual lo tawh a ni.

Hei hi kan chhungkaw chanchin tlangpui chu a ni.'

Tukverh invaw ri thuai thuai chuan boruak chein thli a siam a ni tih a tilang a, kawngkhar inhawng ri rawk chuan ka thianpa Rotluanga rawn lut mek chu mi hmuhtir bawk. A rawn kal hnai a, ka hma dawhkana lehkha ziak inchapdarh nuai chu a rawn en nghal thuak thuak a.

"E khai! Hetianga ziah tur a ni reng reng hleinem. Mahni chhungkaw chanchin ziah tur tih avanga khatianga ziah vak tur kher tur a ni lo. Thaichhia la, ziak tha leh mai rawh."

Ka ziah sa chu ka X nghal hmak a.

A hran ziah leh ka tum mek lai chuan, "Thawhtanni ami tur a ni lo'm ni? Nakzanah  emaw ziak mai rawh. Vawiin chu kan huanah sava veh te'ng u. Chaw in ei tawh em?" a ti leh a.

"Ei nang."

"Ei har thei si. Mafela leh Kima leh Zothana te pawh ka sawm ve tawh a, min lo sawm chho mai dawn nia. Ka hmanhmawh, ka rawn hrilh zuai che nih hi, ka phei nghal."

Thu leh pawh sawi hman awm lovin vai vawih aia rang takzetin a chhuak nghal a. "Rotluanga thet thut hi a... Sava veh turin rilru leh taksa lamah pawh ka la inpeih lo nasa asin maw le..." ka ti bui bui a. Chaw ei khamah chuan thingtuai put chhuanlamin ka chhuak ta a.

Rotluanga te huan kan han thleng chu a hrehawm kher mai. A pikin a hnawk si, hnim bawn hlirin a khat a. Thingthupui kung ro rê rû a tam em em a, chu pawh a zîk no lai a la ni lo zui a. Hlîng leh chabet chi tinreng nen, sanghar leh vawk intlat pawhna tih hriat reng reng hi a lo ni a, sava hmuh tur a awm chai lo nen. Thingthupui kungah ka lâwn ta vel mai mai a.

Ka hoh a rawn chhuak ta tlat pek a. Mahni maia hoh chu ho viaua hriain midang ka au va, an rawn pumbawh chho tuih tuih hlawm a. Kan lâwnna thingthupui kung hi hniam deuh, upat hmel zet mai leh hnah nei mang tawh lo hi a ni a. Thingkung dang sáng vak a awm loh vangin thlang lam ram a lang chiang viau nghe nghe.

"RT, sava veh tur pawh a awm loh hi, hmun dangah chuan ka kal peih tawh der lo a nia aw..." ka ti chhum hmawk hmawk a. Midang pawhin 'ni e' an lo ti sap sap a.

Ani chuan, "A awm ka ti reng reng hleinem. Hetianga ramhnuaia awm vel mai mai hi a nuam alawm le. Sava te chu veh veh a ngai lo, an khawngaihthlak em mai. Kei chu ka duh tawh thak lo," a han ti a.

Kima chuan, "A ti ngai lo ang mai a..." a lo ti nang nang a.

Kei chuan, "A, veh lo ila a ni mai lawm, kei pawh ka khawngaih ve deuh roh thin a. Sava perhthla tam nih te hi kan la intihtheihpui em em lehnghal a. Chu, i hria maw, ka sawi chu?" tiin Mafela ka han melh zauh a.

"Nui vur vur chungin, "Ka kut themthiam leh hmui hi chu in thîk maw le. Sa in ei tam phah tehreng nen. A perhthlak in sawisel a, a perhthlak sa ei dawna a chuh chak chak hi in ni leh tho sia," a ti a.

Ho tê tê sawiin kan inhnial fiam a, kan nui uar uar a.

"K'u... Kan changrual kha sawi rual mai ang u," tiin hoh ka rawt a, an remti tlang a. Aw kan thian hrak hrak a, thingkâk hnai remchang apiang kan vuan deuh tui hlawm a. Chutah ring lêng lâwngin,


"Ing lah lah, ing lah lah,
Pailia rul, pailia rul,
Ingngang!"

kan ti rual ta thup thup a. Chu mai pawh chu la duhtawk lovin,
"Ang jing bung,
Bung ang jing,
Ua...ha..ha!"

kan ti khâwk leh rum rum a!

Tleirawl rual panga the thaw inthuruala au kan ni bawk a, a ring ta duh ram ram kher mai. Kan awmna thlang ruam velah te chuan a khâwk rum rum a, ral hla taka sava awmte pawh an thlâwk sawn sap sap bawk a, leia kaw nei chi te pawh lo dâk chhuak zawk zawka mawi a ni.

Kan han ngawih leh deuh thup lai chuan Zothana chuan, "Sava chu an awm vak lo tak tak a nih hi, kan au rin tehreng nen, thlâwk chhuak hmuh tur an vâng em mai," a rawn ti nghal zat a.

"Ni e," ka lo ti boh a.

"Ti leh law law ila," ka'n ti leh a.

Chutah inthurual zetin,

"Vai masaaaa...leh buhman,
Leh buhpih
Leh tai!"

Kan duhtawk lo, a tawp nan...

"High Neck!"

Kan nui uarh uarh a. Thawklehkhatah kan awmna zar chu 'leh' tih pawh awm lovin a bal ta hlawk a, rang zetin leiah ka tla thla dawp a. Ka tlâk fuh chiah loh avangin ka bek ka sawh a, a na hle. Ka thal der a, chung lam ka han en chhoh nâk chuan, Rotluanga chu a lo inuai tâng tâwk tâwk a, a ke vuanin Kima pawh a lo uai nal nal a!

Rotluanga chu a au tuarh tuarh a.

"Min thlah rawh, min thlah rawh! Kima, min thlah rawh, ka kekawr i pawtthla ve dawn!"

Kima lahin tlâk hlau ve tho a nih avangin a thlah ngam bik der si lo. Rotluanga kut kham tihngaihna hre lo lutuk chu a inthên vak vak a, a tawp a tawpah chuan a kekawr chu pawt lipin Kima pawh a rawn tla thla ta nge nge a.

Kima rawn tla thla chu a hnang a, ka'n chûm leh awk awk a. Chutih laiin Zothana leh Mafela chu thei leh thei lovin Rotluanga kawkin an nui khiah khiah mai a. Ka han en ve nak chuan Rotluanga chu kekawr tel lovin, Adama kekawr hawhin a lo la uai nul nul a! Nuih insum a har kher mai. A rawn chhuk mai thei si lo, a tawp a tawpah chuan a rawn tla thûm ve dat a.

A rawn tho tuih tuih a, a mawngtam a sawh na deuh ni ngei tur a ni, a hup vung vung a. Keini lah chuan ngaihsak tang ti lo chuan kan lo nuih khiah khiah a. A na ti thinrim deuh bawk si chuan, "Nui tawh suh u," a han ti leh ringawt thin a, chu chuan nuih a tizual sauh a, ka bek na pawh ka hre chang lo hial a.

"I kekawr hi ha ve la...!"

"E, khawi, rawn la vat t'u!" A inhup nghal tût tût a, a ha nghal sawk sawk a.

Zothana chuan mi en he haw a, "E, i bek a vûng deuh elo?"

Ka bek chu ka dap nghal vat a, a lo hnip puam deuh talh a. Chutah a han na thar ta thut a! Ka mittui a pawt lek lek a, ka lung a chhe hial a. Ka bek a vûng!

"A na em?" an ti sap sap a.

"Na lo ve."

Midang han insawh na vak an awm lo va, Rotluanga mawng sawh chuan zàwn a han ngên deuh tlat pek a. 'Chu em chu thleng suh se' tiin kan kuah haw a, a ke pên zawng te chuan a mawng a poh sawi ang tãwrh tãwrh a. A hmelchhiat a tizual kher mai.

Inah pawh haw hmasa lovin Rotluanga te inah chuan kan lut khawm vek a, thingpui kan in a, chhuanlam a mawi tawk kan siam a, Rotluanga a him phawt! La haw mai lovin kan la titi bawrh bawrh a, mahni himna khawp chhuanlam chu mahniin inngaihtuah chawp mai turin kan inhrilh ru a, chumi kawngah chuan tumah ngaihtuahawmin kan awm erawh kan ring lo theuh a ni.

Ka bek na chu a tur deuh ut ut reng mai a, tuar zuau bîk anga lan ka duh bik si lo, ka na lo awm ta ngawt ngawt a. Rotluanga lah chuan a na ber ang ziazangin a mawng chu a sawi a sawi a, chhuatah a bawk deuh thlawr reng a. A tawpah ka ning deuh chuan, "Khawi maw i na chu?" tih pahin a kekawr chu ka'n hlimsak thut a, a hlui kher mai!

"Nih hi... Puam sa nak alaia, a thau belh deuh a nih hi. A thaw a uih hmel ropui si, tlangval mawng hlui tak i ni e."

"Rotluanga tih vak ngaihna hre lo chuan, "Nichin te khan in hmu ning hlei hlui lo 'mi?" a'n ti thla ngawt a, kan nui ham ham a. Chawhnu her behliang mûn hun velah chuan kan tîn darh ve ta a.

In ka thlen chuan ka nu chuan mi lo chiauau vat a, "Mamma, in hah em? E he, thingtuai kan pu dawn i ti emaw ka tia, khaw nge i thingtuai put chu? Ka va hmu si lo ve?"

Ka ngawi reng a. Mi rawn en a, ka bek a hmu ta chiah a. "E he! Engti zia nge ni i bek chu?" a ti nghal bawrh bawrh a.

"A, khawivanrialin min dep deuh hlak maw le. Pathum ngawtin min zûk a, thingtuai pawh ka rawn pu haw lo mai."

"Mamma, in ram kal te hi fimkhur deuh teh u. Khawvanrial zûk hi a na asin. Avil ei nghal la, a dam vat ma ang."

Pindanah a lut a, damdawi a rawn hûm chhuak a, ka ei ve mai bawk a. Nat viau pawha damdawi ei hreh tawh nak alaia, na lo chunga damdawi ei chu ka na a tizual sauhvin ka hria a, mahse, ka himna mumtê a ni ve tlat si.

'Akimi' thingphur chuan kawtah a phur a keuh ri dawp a, a rawn lut nghal a.

"Nu, ka chau lawttawk! Thingpui min lo lum kêp viau lo maw?"

"Lum sa a tam ai. Vawi thu thum te i phur a, i ti deuh mah mah thin a ni. Khaw nge, in thingpui in tur ka han thlî ang e. Kha, i nau pawh khuaiin a lo zûk a, a zia lo tak tak a ni."

'Akimi' chuan mi en chiang nghal a, ka bek a hmu a, hnai deuhvah a rawn en set sawt a.

"Awi, Lalpa leh! I hmai a vûng búr mai ka ti. Engati why? Mahse, a zûkna âwm ka hmu miah lo.

Vanneih asiamin ka nu chuan, "Tun lawkah khan avil ka eitir a, a thawk tha deuh a ni ang e," a rawn ti hlauh a, ka thaw huai a. Ka bek chu a na angreng hle a, darthlalangah pawh ka inen ngam lo hial a (ka inen chuan ka mittui a hnâm dawn si a). Tuilum sa ver vawrin ka dep a, a rûkin damdawi ka hnawih a. Thingpui ka in zawh hnuin ka mu ta daih a.

Ka harh hmaa tho lo turin ka muhil ta a.

Bung 3-na chhunzawm leh thuai a ni ang.

 (Hmangaihna Tuboh hi T.S. Khupchong lehkhabu hmasa ber a ni a, kum 2009 khan tlangzarh a ni. Kum 2012 khan chhut nawn leh a ni bawk).
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